Formularz STARS – nowe narzędzie analizy czynników ryzyka rozwoju zwyrodnienia plamki związanego z wiekiem
Autorzy: Maciej Gawęcki, Agnieszka Jaszczuk-Maciejewska, Anna Wolnik

STARS Questionnaire – a New Tool of Age-related Macular Degeneration Risk Factors Assesment

Wydanie 2/2018
str. 68 – 73

Autorzy: Maciej Gawęcki 1 , Agnieszka Jaszczuk-Maciejewska 1 , Anna Wolnik 2

1 Poradnia Okulistyczna Dobry Wzrok w Gdańsku
Kierownik dr Maciej Gawęcki
2 Oddział Okulistyki z Pododdziałem Okulistyki Dziecięcej Szpitala Specjalistycznego im. Stefana Żeromskiego w Krakowie
Kierownik: dr n. med. Małgorzata Woś


The paper outlines methodology and practical application of a new questionnaire for assessment of risk factors for age-related macular degeneration – STARS. The main principle of the test was self-administration, possibly also providing an auxiliary diagnostic tool for general practitioners or ophthalmologists.

The questionnaire was designed and performed by the group of Italian ophthalmologists on the basis of examination of 12639 patients aged 55 or older and validated on the French group of 6837 patients. Results showed significant association between the presence of late age-related macular degeneration and the following risk factors: age, gender, North-African origin, family history of age-related macular degeneration, smoking, cardiovascular diseases, cataract surgery and refractive errors, mainly hyperopia.

Score of risk points resulted in qualification to one of 3 risk groups (low, moderate and high) of age-related macular degeneration development. Statistical analysis showed high sensitivity of the test with minor percentage of patients classified as high risk without any form of age-related macular degeneration and classified as low risk with late age-related macular degeneration. The questionnaire may constitute a useful and simple tool for age-related macular degeneration screening.