Problemy diagnostyczno - terapeutyczne dotyczące nieurazowych neuropatii nerwu wzrokowego
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Problems Concerning Non-traumatic Optic Neuropathies
Zofia Mariak, Sulyman Youns Jai Elmdhm, Małgorzata Wojnar, Jolanta Andrzejewska-Buczko
Klinika Okulistyki Akademii Medycznej w Białymstoku Kierownik: dr hab. n. med. Zofia Mariak
Summary: Purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate the most common causes of neuropathy, risk factors due to gender, age, general diseases, the season of the optic neuropathy occurrence as well as the effects of therapies used. The received data was statistically analyzed.
Material and methods: In this retrospective study 183 patients with non-traumatic optic nerve neuropathy, hospitalized in Department of Ophthalmology in Białystok during period 1990-2001 were analyzed.
Results: Non-traumatic optic nerve neuropathy in almost 40% of cases leads to irreversible vision loss. Treatment with steroids seems to have only the psychological effect, while the statistic analysis shows no significant effect on the final visual acuity.
Keywords: anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy, optic neuritis, retrobulbar neuritis.