Diagnostyka i leczenie wrodzonego oczopląsu
Diagnosis and Treatment of Congenital Nystagmus
Ewa Wójcik, Beata Kaczmarek
Oddział Leczenia Zeza i Niedowidzenia Wojewódzkiego Szpitala Okulistycznego w Krakowie Witkowicach Ordynator: dr med. Ewa Wójcik
Summary: The paper is a current review of the diagnosis and management of congenital nystagmus. Nystagmus is a repeated, rhythmical eye movement. It may be divided in congenital or acquired. According to the direction of the eye movement we may distinguish horizontal, vertical or rotational nystagmus. Congenital nystagmus occurs in 1:6550 new born children. It's more frequently observed in boys. It typically appears just after labor or during early period of childhood. In the majority of patients visual acuity is significantly decreased. The aim of the treatment is visual acuity improvement, decrease in compensatory head position and decrease in nystagmic movements.
Keywords: congenital nystagmus, compensatory head position, Anderson's procedure, Kestenbaum's procedure, artificial divergence procedure.