Historia prezbiopii – cz. II
The History of Presbyopia – Part II
Anna Bielecka1, Ewa Langwińska-Wośko1, Piotr Skopiński1,2, Anna M. Ambroziak1, Monika Gałecka1
1 Katedra i Klinika Okulistyki II Wydziału Lekarskiego Warszawskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego
Samodzielny Publiczny Kliniczny Szpital Okulistyczny w Warszawie
Monika Kierownik: prof. dr hab. n. med. Jerzy Szaflik
2 Katedra i Zakład Histologii i Embriologii Warszawskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego
MonikaKierownik: prof. dr hab. n. med. Jacek Malejczyk
Summary: History of presbyopia is associated with development of knowledge concerning anatomy of the human eye and physiology of vision. Many prominent scientists took part in that. Defining accommodation and knowledge about changes in human eyes were important and gave base to invent optical aids. Main role in presbyopia correction played spectacles. They were changing with time. Changes included appearance of frames and lenses as well as the construction of lenses. All these innovations were associated with improvement of comfort and visual quality for the spectacles users. The very recent discovery in lenses' construction has been progressive lenses that gave the ability to see clearly from far and close distance. Their construction also gives the opportunity to adjust different size of optical spheres according to individual preferences.
Słowa kluczowe: okulary, akomodacja, soczewki progresywne, pomoce optyczne.
Keywords: spectacles, accommodation, progressive lenses, optical aids.