Wydanie 3/2009

Soczewki kontaktowe i problemy alergiczne

Contact Lenses and Allergy Problems

Anna M. Ambroziak, Magdalena Korwin, Ewa Langwińska-Wośko, Anna Zaleska-Żmijewska

Katedra i Klinika Okulistyki II Wydziału Lekarskiego Warszawskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego Samodzielny Publiczny Kliniczny Szpital Okulistyczny w Warszawie Kierownik: prof. dr hab. n. med. Jerzy Szaflik

Summary: Ocular allergy and contact lens wear affect a large percentage of the population, the implications for interaction of allergy and changes induced by contact lens wear are significant. The aim of the study was to present everything about allergic conditions in general and ophthalmic allergies in particular, and how these can affect contact lens wear. It suggests solutions that can be followed in order to alleviate problems that can arise during contact lens use and suggests ways of overcoming the allergic symptoms and signs. Studies proving the healthiest and the most comfortable way of contact lens wear is the daily disposable are also presented. Nowadays allergy has become an increasing worldwide problem. It is actually a very complex disease in which symptoms can appear without clinical signs and sometimes its? too difficult to isolate the real cause of it. Environment and in some cases its? everyday increasing pollution is thought to be the main cause of allergy development. For everyone allergies, symptoms, clinical signs and complications are very similar. For contact lens wearer allergy creates a comfort reduction, wearing time reduction, dryness problems, itchiness feeling and lens awareness symptoms, that would finally lead to contact lens drop-outs, patients who cease contact lens wear. All allergy cases are usually accompanied by ocular surface damage and dry eye and this is the basic and significant problem in contact lens wearers.

Słowa kluczowe: soczewki kontaktowe, alergie oczne, powierzchnia oka.

Keywords: contact lenses, ocular allergic conditions, ocular surface.