Wydanie 3/2008

Psychologiczne aspekty słabowzroczności

Psychological Aspects of Vision Impairment

Ewa Stanikowska

Centralna Przychodnia Rehabilitacyjno-Lecznicza Polskiego Związku Niewidomych w Warszawie Kierownik: mgr Izabella Kloch

Summary: Main aim of this article is to describe psychological processes which accompany vision impairment and to present areas of psychological assistance for persons affected with eye disability. First part of the article focuses on negative psychological phenomenon related to eye impairment, as well as on the role of stress and crisis in adaptation process. Article also analyzes psychological changes which accompanies crisis situation caused by loosing vision abilities, in perspective of five-stages adaptation model. According to this model whole period of crisis may be divided into five parts differing with quality and intensity of ongoing psychological processes. Second part of article considers areas of psychological assistance for persons with eye disability including different psychosocial factors.


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