Nadwzroczność - wykrywanie, korekcja, postępowanie. Referat wprowadzający
Hypermetropia - diagnosis, correction, management. Introduction report
mgr Marek Ożóg
Polskie Towarzystwo Optometrii i Optyki
Summary: Hypermetropia is one of the basic refractive errors. Lack of a proper optical correction may lead to various disorders in visual system functioning. Precise case diagnosis and appropriate management is necessary to eliminate or minimize patient's ailments. Both, in the screening examinations and in individual examinations, not only refractive error measurement its necessary, but most of all determination of the influence on decrease in visual activity efficiency. Accomodative compensation of hypermetropia, sufficient to obtain sharp retinal pictures during distance objects observation, may also be associated with exceeding reserve of the visual system in the range of accomodation and convergence. Management in hypermetropia is highly individualized according to age, refractive error magnitude, visual requirements, and visual system functional disorders. Properly conducted optometric examination, in which both structural and functional properties of the visual system are evaluated, should give sufficient information for optimalization of the hypermetropia correction and recommendations of the possible visual exercises.
Keywords: hypermetropia, hyperopia, accommodation, accommodative compensation, accomodation spasm, astigmatism, anisometropia, emmetropia, heterophoria, AC/A rate, CA/C rate, accomodative strabismus, accommodative-convergence system.