Zespół suchego oka u dzieci i młodzieży
Dry eye syndrome in children and adolescence
Ewa Lipiec1, Mirosława Grałek2, Anna Niwald1
1Klinika Okulistyki Dziecięcej SP ZOZ Uniwersytecki
Szpital Kliniczny nr 4 Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Łodzi
P. o. kierownik: dr med. Anna Niwald
2Klinika Okulistyki, Instytut ? Pomnik ?Centrum Zdrowia Dziecka? w Warszawie
Kierownik: prof. dr hab. med. Mirosława Grałek
Summary: Dry eye syndrome is a disease that involves the eye surface and result from abnormal tear quality or quantity. Dry eye syndrome characterised by tear deficiency is very common ocular disease among adult population. There is little information about its prevalence in children and adolescence. The condition may appear in some inborn anomalies of lacrimal gland in children, endocrinological diseases such as diabetes or thyroid gland dysfunction. Contraceptive pill users may suffer from eye surface disorder, in young girls too. Children with hematopoetic system diseases treated with bone marrow transplantation do suffer from many ocular complications among which dry eye syndrome is quite frequent ocular finding. Keratokonjunctivitis sicca is not uncommon in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. However, it seems that keratoconjunctivitis sicca is still an underestimated condition in this age group. The relation between viral keratitis and dry eye is not uncommon among young patients. Contact lenses wearers often present with eye surface discomfort. The paper presents current opinions on pathogenesis, clinical picture, diagnostics and prevalence of dry eye syndrome in children and adolescence.
Keywords: dry eye syndrome, children, adolescence, clinical findings.